Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) helps by identifying problematic cognitions and behaviors that are negatively impacting functioning. A primary goal in CBT is to modify one's thoughts and behaviors to improve mood and functioning. CBT is not a specific set of strategies. It utilizes a variety of problem-solving strategies and techniques to challenge the thoughts and behaviors that lead to a variety of mental health issues including (but not limited to) depression, anxiety, personality disorders, and substance abuse.
Psychodynamic therapy is an in-depth form of talk therapy. It analyzes one's past and considers its impact on current day functioning. It focuses on the unconscious feelings and unresolved issues that impact the individual's moods and reactions.
Family systems therapy takes into consideration the impact one's family of origin has on current day functioning. It looks at the individual parts and their relation to the whole. Personalities, emotions, behaviors, coping skills, etc. are developed based on one's role in the family and how the family interacts.
Humanistic therapy's goal is to help individual's achieve their highest potential. Humanistic therapy emphasizes self-growth and self-actualization. Existential therapy is a branch of humanistic therapy that focuses on helping the individual find meaning in their life.
Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a goal-oriented approach to elicit change and strengthen motivation. MI is a collaborative partnership between therapist and client. It is closely associated with Transtheoretical model of behavioral change, which is often referred to as Stages of Change: Pre-contemplative (there is no problem); Contemplative (I can see I have a problem); Preparation (I am considering change); Action (making changes); and Maintenance (commitment to continued change). A primary goal of this approach is helping the individual resolve their ambivalence about the change.
Solution-Focused Brief Therapy is a goal-setting approach to therapy. The individual answers a solution-oriented question that guides them toward identifying the desired changes/difference in their life. This change becomes the therapeutic focus.